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His father, also named Gaius Octavius, had been governor of Macedonia.
Philippus claimed descent from Alexander the Great, and was elected consul in 56 BC.
He rejected monarchical titles, and instead called himself Princeps Civitatis ("First Citizen of the State").
The resulting constitutional framework became known as the Principate, the first phase of the Roman Empire.
He rejected the advice of some army officers to take refuge with the troops in Macedonia and sailed to Italy to ascertain whether he had any potential political fortunes or security.The Triumvirate was eventually torn apart by the competing ambitions of its members.Lepidus was driven into exile and stripped of his position, and Antony committed suicide following his defeat at the Battle of Actium by Octavian in 31 BC.He reformed the Roman system of taxation, developed networks of roads with an official courier system, established a standing army, established the Praetorian Guard, created official police and fire-fighting services for Rome, and rebuilt much of the city during his reign. He probably died from natural causes, although there were unconfirmed rumors that his wife Livia poisoned him.He was succeeded as Emperor by his adopted son (also stepson and former son-in-law) Tiberius.